Hyperpigmentation is the irregular darkening of the skin which is caused by the excess production of melanin, the compound responsible for skin and hair color. When hyperpigmentation occurs, it can leave dark patches and spots in certain areas of the skin which can make you look older than you actually are!
Doing skin care routines without the right products could also potentially worsen the uneven skin tone. Simple steps like removing makeup with neutrogena 卸妝 thoroughly before sleeping and having a reliable night mask before going to bed could do wonders for your skin.
While excess production of melanin is the key cause, here are some other instances that also contribute to uneven skin tone:
–UV rays. Constant exposure to the sun can be harmful for the skin, especially when you’re not wearing sunscreen. Excess exposure to UVA or UVB rays can lead to brown spots and uneven skin tone. The reason for this is because the excess production of melanin is your body’s way of shielding you from the sun. Aside from uneven skin tones, harmful UV rays can also speed up the ageing process by producing fine lines, wrinkles, sun burns, and can even cause certain skin cancers.
–Pollution in the environment. Modern innovations have yet to make clean energy easily accessible in certain countries which mean that pollution is still a problem. This occurrence can lead to the production of free radicals, which are harmful components that can affect the skin’s appearance, creating dark spots and dry patches that age you quicker.
–Affected hormones. Unbalanced hormonal levels caused by certain disorders like PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) and life-changing events like pregnancy can cause hyperpigmentation in certain areas of the body.
–Medication. Hyperpigmentation is a side effect of certain medications which can damage the integrity of your skin.
–Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Injuries and lesions can cause darkening to the skin which is a result of scarring.
Since some of the listed causes are beyond our control, prevention, treatment, and consultation are important steps to restore our skin’s appearance. Here are some important steps to do to get rid of uneven skin color:
–Establish a skincare routine. As a rule of thumb, most skincare regimens include cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. Make sure to look for products that include Vitamin B3 or niacinamide. This component provides several benefits for aging skin such as improving the appearance of enlarged pores, fixing fine lines & dullness, and evening out skin tone for youthful and more radiant-looking skin.
Other key steps in establishing a healthy skincare routine is to exfoliate and apply a facial mask once a week. Exfoliating helps slough up dead skin cells, improve circulation, and speed up the process of skin rejuvenation while apply weekly facial hydrates and nourishes the skin.
–Add some Vitamin C. This vitamin is a powerful antioxidant that helps ward off free radical damage while boosting the production of collagen, the component responsible for keeping our skin tight and firm. Aside from purchasing skincare products with added Vitamin C, try to incorporate some foods in your diet that are rich in this vitamin like green leafy vegetables and citrus fruits.
–Apply sunscreen. After finishing your skincare routine, apply sunscreen to your face and body before heading out to protect your skin against harmful UV rays. For added protection, wear a hat, sunglasses that deflects UV rays, and carry an umbrella to prevent the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Reapply as necessary since sweat can remove some of the lotion applied.
–Visit your doctor. Hyperpigmentation caused by medications may be either a side effect or your body’s way of telling you that something is wrong. To be safe, schedule an appointment with your doctor to see if there are any alternatives to treatment. If you are pregnant, make sure to ask your doctor for skincare products that are friendly for expecting mothers.
There is no denying that ageing is a natural process as we grow older. However, when we establish some healthy routines like proper skincare and a healthy diet, we can slow down these processes without sacrificing our health in the long run. Aside from ageing, hyperpigmentation may be a side effect to certain conditions, medications, and pregnancy which in this case, requires a consultation from the doctor.
While the following steps listed above are beneficial in evening out your skin tone, it is important to remember that changes in your skin’s appearance do not happen overnight. Remember to stay patient and stick to your routine and let your body take its time to renew.